CBD (Cannabidiol) is a compound found in cannabis plants like hemp and marijuana. The cannabis plant contains over 100 different cannabinoids. CBD, THC and CBG are the most commonly known of and researchers have been looking at the possible therapeutic uses of CBD.
All CBD products are extracted from the cannabis plant, using solvents like CO2. During the extraction, all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids are stripped from the plant. These are dissolved in oil to make it easier to administer and store.
Depending on the cannabis strain used for the process, the cannabinoid profile of your CBD oil will differ. For example, hemp extracts contain little to no THC — typically below 0.3% — so they are non-psychoactive, but they also boast high levels of CBD.
In contrast, some selectively bred marijuana strains may come with a 1:1 CBD to THC ratio. Depending on the purpose of the final product, companies decide to use a different cannabinoid spectrum from different strains.
If you want a fully legal product, we suggest that you go with hemp extracts, which is why all cbDNA products are derived from hemp.
CBD is fully legal within the UK as a food supplement as long as it contains no more than 0.2% THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the cannabinoid associated with feeling high. UK and EU Council Regulation (EC) 1672/2000 states that cannabis sativa plants containing 0.2% THC or less can be approved for cultivation as cannabis sativa.
What happens with the cannabinoids after the initial extraction determines if the extract is Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, or CBD isolate. Each term refers to the degree the product was processed.
What is Full Spectrum CBD?
If an extract is full spectrum, this means it contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant. This includes CBD, trace cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils. Full spectrum extracts from hemp also come with a negligible THC content. This is sold by cbDNA below 0.2% to abide by law.
The full spectrum of the active compounds extracted from hemp work together to amplify the health benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This phenomenon is referred to as the entourage effect.
Although non-psychoactive, full spectrum CBD can give you a false positive during a drug test, especially if you consume high doses of CBD oil daily.
Please note: Even if consumed in high doses (maximum daily dosage 2000mg), this false positive reading WILL NOT class as an illegal dosage.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds within the plant, save for THC, which is completely removed after the initial extraction.
Because broad spectrum extracts contain multiple cannabinoids, they also produce the entourage effect, but without the THC.
In a very simplified manner, broad spectrum CBD is like a mix between full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. It contains the entire spectrum of cannabinoids EXCEPT for the THC part.
cbDNA PRO range of products are broad spectrum extracts, to ensure World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) compliance. The 0% THC content ensures this will not show up in drug testing.
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is the purest form of this compound, made by pulling it from its natural environment and removing it from all other ingredients.
The advantage of using CBD isolate over other formats is the highest concentration of CBD per serving. Isolates are usually 99% pure, meaning that one gram of isolate powder carries about 990 mg of CBD. There’s no entourage effect, though — you can benefit solely from the effects of cannabidiol.
CBD isolates are legal in the UK, though they can only be inhaled or vaped. They cannot be ingested as a powder or used with a carrier oil. This makes the usage of CBD isolate oils illegal.
As an ethical stance, cbDNA do not support smoking or vape usage. Instead of CBD isolate, we put put our name behind full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD, championing the entourage effect.
What is the Entourage Effect?
Despite the complicated name, the entourage effect is fairly easy to understand. It refers to the synergy achieved by all the components in cannabis. These components work together to enhance the potential benefits of the plant. Each compound can amplify the therapeutic properties of the others while mitigating their potential side effects.
Some of the additional cannabinoids in full-spectrum extracts include:
– Cannabinol (CBN)
– Cannabichromene (CBC)
– Cannabigerol (CBG)
– Cannabidiol acid (CBDA)
– Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
Because of the benefits of the entire plant, full spectrum CBD products are typically priced higher than their broad spectrum counterparts. It’s also more challenging for manufacturers to maintain consistent ratios when using a full spectrum extract — again raising the overall cost of these oils.
When it comes to choosing the right CBD extract for you, you should abandon the thought that either spectrum is inherently better than the others. Everyone reacts differently to CBD and has different needs, so this is what you should base your judgment on — namely, which CBD spectrum will work best in your case.
Terpenes : More than just a scent
When browsing through full spectrum products, you may have noticed they boast the health benefits of the original plant terpenes.
Terpenes are volatile molecules that are responsible for a unique aroma profile of plants, fruits, vegetables, and spices. Aromatherapists have used these terpenes for centuries.
There are more than 200 terpenes in cannabis which, like cannabinoids, also bind to different receptors in the body to provide an array of potential health benefits.
For example, one of the signature terpenes in cannabis plants is Beta Caryophyllene (found in our CBD capsules), a gastroprotective compound found in oregano, black pepper, and leafy greens. That’s why certain cannabis strains are recommended to patients with gastrointestinal issues. These particular strains also tend to carry a spicy herbal scent.
Anecdotal evidence suggest concentrations of Myrcene, which is naturally synergistic with THC, allows cannabinoids to more easily bridge the blood-brain barrier. While the compounds in Pinene have display a number of benefits to our system including as a bronchodilator, to help open our airways.